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McElwain Farm History
History of the Strawberry
McElwain Farm HistoryThe McElwain Farm was purchased in 1910 by David McElwain after emigrating from Canada with his two brothers, Frank and John. Frank established a blacksmith business in Presque Isle, and John began a farming operation in Caribou on the south side of town. John's farm house is now a historical site and home for the Northern Maine Regional Planning Commission.
In 1985, Ralph and his son Frank, formed a partnership to grow strawberries. They farmed together until Ralph's passing in 1999.
Today, the strawberry venture continues and involves Frank's wife Joan, and their children Diana, Lauren, and Spencer (pictured at right).
The History of the StrawberryLegend has it that we can thank clever children for naming of the sweet red strawberry. After picking the fruit, children strung them on glass straws and sold them "by the straw" or "straw of berries".
Another theory is that the name represents the spreading nature of the plant runners which are strewn, or anciently "strawed," over the ground. The English "strawberry" comes from the Anglo-Saxon "streoberie," not spelled in the modern fashion until 1538.
The second wife of Henry VIII, Queen Anne Boleyn (1507-36), had a strawberry-shaped birthmark on her neck. Unfortunately, some claimed this fact proved she was a witch.
The strawberry is recognized as representing absolute perfection in the Victorian language of flowers.
Medieval stonemasons carved strawberry designs on altars and around the tops of pillars in churches and cathedrals, symbolizing perfection and righteousness. During the same time period, strawberries were served at important state occasions and festivals to ensure peace and prosperity.
Sacred to the both Goddess of Love and the Virgin Mary, strawberries boast a long, dramatic history. "Doubtless God could have made a better berry," wrote William Butler, "but doubtless God never did."
Ever eaten a double strawberry? Legend holds that if you break it in half and share it with a member of the opposite sex, you will soon fall in love with each other
. Although strawberries were gathered from the wild, the development of the strawberry as a commodity didnít occur until the 1820ís in England. The large, beautiful, wonderful tasting strawberries of today (Frangaria x anannassa) are the result of hybridization. The commercial strawberry comes from the cross of two wild American strawberries: the Eastern Meadow Strawberry (Fragaria virginiana) and the Beach Strawberry (Fragaria chiloensis).
The Eastern Meadow Strawberry was taken by early tradesmen from Virginia and planted in the gardens of Europe as a novelty. In 1700, a French botanist named Frezier transplanted the Beach Strawberry form its native home, in Chile, to France. When the Beach and Eastern Meadow strawberries were planted in the same garden, a natural cross pollination occurred. The result was a new superior breed of strawberries that bore large delicious fruits. With rare exceptions, every commercial strawberry on the market today arose from the hybrid cross of these two wild types.
(Source: This information adapted from Wisconsin Berry Growers Association publication.)
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